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, who warned that u.s. military personnel and u.s. citizens in japan should actually go back to a radius of 80 kilometers around fukushima. japan has said 20 kilometers, so it seems that the u.s. has an assessment that is fairly serious. >> any idea if they are following the french lead, recommending that they leave japan altogether? >> we have not had any word on that from the united states government. i think that would be much further for the u.s. in the sense that the u.s. has so many people in the country, currently 50,000 u.s. troops currently in japan get there is concern. the u.s. government says it is monitoring -- currently in japan. there is concern. the u.s. government says it is monitoring the situation. there is no thought that anyone residing in the u.s. is at risk. >> but with 34 u.s. experts landing on wednesday, joining seven others, all with an american equipment, the u.s. is having to answer questions about whether it even trusts japan completely. >> a slight difference from what we are hearing out of japan and from the united states. i think it is worth pointing out
of an amnesty, a dialogue, and an invitation to a u.s. fact-finding mission, even a chance for a free press. for his hard-core supporters, it was a family day out, and it did not matter what he said. the libyans to do not like things the way they are, who do not want civil war, might listen and wonder whether the risks of taking on the regime are worth it. the colonel's leadership style is eccentric, but he is hitting back hard and slowing the rebellion against his rule. that was something they could not do in egypt or tunisia. jeremy bowen, bbc news, tripoli. >> an international effort has begun to repatriate tens of thousands of foreigners, most of them egyptian, who have been massing on libya's border with tunisia. britain and france have sent several of their plans. the largest british warship is heading for libyan coastal waters. they have rescued 85,000 in the past week. we have this report from the border. >> the struggle for liberation in the arab world has led to this. men fighting for a seat on a bus, desperate to escape from libya, pleading to simply be allowed to go home. 85,000
range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> president obama says the u.s. and nato are still considering their options for lydia, including military intervention. >> i want to send a clear message to those around colonel gaddafi. it is their choice to make how they will be held accountable. >> gaddafi's troops to retake territory after a day of sustained attacks. >> [inaudible] çquite a success for colonel gaddafi's army. >> the un says 200,000 people have fled the violence in libya. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast on pbs in america and around the globe. washington reintroduce this military trials at guantanamo bay despite anç earlier promise to close it down. the party is over for the highest-paid actor on american television. charlie sheen is sacked from his, a program. ç>> the six gulf states includg saudi arabia have called on the un security council to implement a no-fly zone over libya. the un needed to protect libyan citizens. earlier president obama said the u.s. and allies are stillç considering a military response to the situation
and france and the u.s. want gaddafi to go and face trial for war crimes and for libyans to work towards choosing a new and more open system of government. libyan television shows casualty victims injured in plane strikes. but it cannot be clairefied. >> the last official figure that we've. the rebels in their vehicles return. they are -- they have now returned. the rebels on one set -- side of ben jawad and they are using a large amount of rockets, firing them into and over the town of the gaddafi forces, and the gaddafi forces are replying with ar tilly. >> all right, nick. thank you for that update. >> let's speak to our world affairs correspondent in the capital now. as you know we've got this london conference about to get under way this afternoon. what, if any, has been the reaction to the conference in tripoli? >> well, colonel gaddafi has sent out a letter, strangely unreported here, to the american congress and european parolments and various other people appealing to them to stop what he calls the crusader aggression. the letter says civilians here have been killed by the crusa
situation. >> so far, u.s. forces have taken a prominent role in un authorized operation. after our phone conversation with david cameron and nicolas sarkozy, barack obama made clear that soon increasingly fewer american planes will be involved appeared >> i would expect that over the next several days, we will have clarity and a meeting of the minds of all those participating in the process. we are seeing a significant reduction in the number of u.s. planes involved in operations over libya appeared >> this is the result. a workshop on the military base in tripoli. overnight bombing had caused some destruction but no one had died. elsewhere in the city, authorities alleged allied air strikes have killed many civilians. the bbc has asked for evidence of this but none has been provided. >> joining me on the line from tripoli is a local resident. we are not revealing his name. thank you for joining us. just tell me what exactly is going on at the moment in to the capitol where you are. >> i can tell you it's very quiet. i am not hearing any shelling or anti-aircraft. >> and how has it been
have been reaching out. this is a very dynamic situation. >> so far u.s. forces have taken a prominent role in the u.n. authorized operation. barack obama made it clear that soon increasingly fewer american planes will be involved. >> i would expect that over the next several days we will have clarity and a meeting of the minds with all those participating in the process. we are already seeing a significant reduction in the number of u.s. planes involved in operations over libya. >> and this is the result of those operations, a workshop on a military base where an officer told the bbc overnight bombing caused some destruction but nobody died. elsewhere the authorities allege allied air strikes killed many civilians. bbc asked for evidence but none has been provided. >> in eastern libya two u.s. airmen were rescued after their fighter jet crashed because of apparent mechanical failure. there were reports six villagers were shot and hurt in the rescue effort. these are the first confirmed casualties of the conflict. >> it is the last thing the new coalition needs, an american fighter jet
to be an interceptive phone call, supposedly between the u.s. ambassador and a rebel general in the east. >> this is ambassador gene crist talking to you. >> what equipment do you have? >> it's not clear what exactly the american diplomat, if it was him, was offering. >> if they want to support the militia, do it. and we are not afraid. america, nato, france. it is our country. we live here, we die here. we will never, ever surrender to those terrorists. >> later in tripoli, colonel gaddafi's most prominent son addressed the quarters he called the real libyans. they were supposed to be libya's future, until the rebellion. as far as these people are concerned, that vision has been restored. the son will succeed the father. the rebels will be beaten. it feels like a victory rally. and he had a shot message for the rebels. we're coming. jeremy bowen, "bbc news," tripoli. >> nato has insisted that for a no-fly zone to be set up over libya, there would have to be strong regional support. on the diplomatic front, there has been a rather gloomy assessment in washington of the rebels' chance. th
a special series examining the experience is of those who have come to call the u.s. home. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. in libya, state television is reporting you allied air strikes tonight, even as anti-government rebels) on what could be an important symbolic victory after a weekend of military gains. there have been moving steadily west, retaking towns they had earlier lost, moving from benghazi, the rebels are now in control of three other towns. the biggest victory could be the capture of sirte, colonel gaddafi's home town. >> taking the fight to colonel gaddafi's birthplace. rebels pounding targets near the town of sirte. a victory here would have huge the symbolic value. if the libyan leader cannot defend his home town, how long can he defend his regime? rebels said these were some of his supporters, mercenaries, they claimed, sent to kill, but defeated by poorly armed volunteers. we found rebel fighters racing to the front lines with a clear message for the libyan leader. a few weeks ago, a gesture like this would have gotten him killed. alo
, we would likely have to put u.s. troops on the ground to accomplish that mission. to be blunt, we went down that road in iraq, that is not something we can afford to repeat in libya. >> so rebels may be short of what they expected from the u.s. >> the timing of this speech has reinforced the sentiment transition in the military campaign of the americans pulling back their support role and nato taking command. and britain and france taking the initiative. >> and so it's destination london for hillary clinton, one of four highly powerful delegates to consider how all this might end and what sort of libya will emerge. steve kingston, "bbc news," washington. >> well, the one city still in rebel hands is misrata. and the pro gaddafi forces have been surrounding that city for days, bombarding it, and the humanitarian situation in misrata for some time has been described as dire. shortages of food and water and dozens of civilians being killed and hundreds being injured there. our world affairs john simpson reporting from libya was taken outside misrata to see what's going on there. here
security council would not support it. the u.s. has made clear it only once to go for a no-fly zone if it can get a un resolution. that avenue looks blocked. and the u.s. is saying at the moment it does not want to do it alone. most people believe it could but there is not the political will despite support in some quarters in the u.s. for it to go for that. >> president obama spoke about a number of options on the table as did the british prime minister. what options are the considering given the fact that even today, we heard voices from the arab community and country is calling for this no-fly zone? >> there are not that many other options that are going to turn the screw. -- turn the screw on colonel gaddafi. we heard so much current opposition like the u.s. defense secretary, robert gates, talking about loose talk of the idea of a no-fly zone. not very keen to do it. there is others in the military who are concerned about the possibility of mission creep. if the u.s. gets involved for the no-fly zone, it will broaden out into a much bigger operation and the u.s. will be involve
on to prevent a major nuclear disaster many foreign governments are advising nationals to leave tokyo. the u.s. is not allowing any of its military within 80 kilometers of the plant. the japanese government has only told people within 20 kilometers to leave. we have obtained footage from a local tv crew wants to tell the story of those trapped. >> a japanese team makes its way cautiously into the place. this is 12 miles from the stricken nuclear plant. people have been warned to stay indoors. visitors make a local hospital nervous. the door is locked. they check them thoroughly for radiation before they will let them in. inside a staff who has chosen to stay with their patients rather than flee. >> we are not supposed to stay here. this is our job. i resent the nuclear plant. >> at city hall they say no one will help them. they had been forgotten or abandoned by the powers that be. >> we were not told when the first reactor exploded. the government does that tell us anything. they are leading us to dye it. >> they say they have no means to get out. fuel is scarce and relief teams are reluctant
160 million u.s. dollars to achieve its objectives. it will be revised in about two weeks to reflect the evolving situation. >> the french warship has arrived in geneva. -- tunisia. a number of refugees has reportedly gone down. they fear people could be stranded on the other side. >> the newly appointed interim government indonesia has dissolved the secret police -- in tunisia has dissolved teh secret police. thousands of community policemen has put a ban on public protests. they pushed through several buildings. there is the third government reshuffle in the month. they demanded jobs, political reform, and a crackdown on corruption. that has been the place. president obama has approved of the resumption of guantanamo bay in cuba. the facility that president obama vowed to close will operate for some time to come. the correspondent in washington says president obama may have had the option to change the policy. >> this is president obama accepting political reality. there has been a lot of opposition to the idea of closing down guantanamo bay. also, the white house has found it very
." >> this is a bbc news parent -- this is bbc news. a u.s. fighter jet comes down a libyan field. the pilot ejected safely in the hands of the rebels. mechanical failure is being blamed. if there was the third night of air strikes over libya at targeting khadafy's air defenses. the regime claims civilians have been killed. meanwhile, u.n. humanitarian officials, rebel leaders in the east, where there is concern over food supplies. >> i am david eades in london. also coming up -- in japan, more than 9000 people are now known to have died in the earthquake and tsunami. almost 13,000 are missing. emergency crews in japan's fukushima nuclear power plants battle to restore the cooling system after an eruption of caused by rising radiation levels. hello. american officials have confirmed that a u.s. warplane has crash landed in libya. they gave very few details but they say one crewman has been rescued and another was being rescue -- and in the last hour we got on conformed -- unconfirmed reports that 40 people being killed in misrata. let's go to southern italy. >> welcome to the airbase in southern ita
with jeremy bowen in london. >> the u.s. jets returning to their base in italy. the decision to use air power against colonel gadhafi in libya was taken quickly, so quickly that they are still sorting out the politics behind it. if that is one reason for the london conference, assembling ministers and diplomats from 40 countries, and the arab league and the african union to back u.n. resolutions. though thertheir enthusiasm for military action varies. the mandate to protect civilians also means taking sides in a civil war. >> we made the right choice, that was to draw a line in the desert sand to halt the murderous advance of gaddafi's forces. no one has yet to explain when or how that commitment ends. the conference also said -- started the process toward more legitimacy. this is the closest of rebels have to a political leadership and would like more help on the ground, too. >> the americans said they would consider arming the rebels. is that something you would like? >> you can see that they are fighting with machine guns, etc. >> the u.s., france, and britain are talking about army the re
. china has bought more u.s. debt than originally thought. washington has revised its figures to show that beijing owns nearly one-third more than previously estimated. a new figure stands at just over $1.10 trillion. u.s. government is selling huge amounts of debt to finance its record budget deficit. one of our guests -- one of our correspondence from market watch explains the significant. >> it shows that china is confident in the u.s. economic recovery. otherwise, it would not be buying so much u.s. debt. also shows that there is ongoing appetite for u.s. debt. the u.s. government has quite a bit of debt to sell to finance its current-account deficit. >> ok. let's talk about these things. the world's big car companies are in geneva. the city's annual motor show is a big chance to show off the wild concept designs, as well as the models that are destined for our roads. sales have recovered for most of the big car makers, but the rising cost of fuel and raw materials is a big concern. fuel prices continue to rise. general motors says that customers will favor its smaller cars. the b
of trading on a legal tip-off, now the biggest insider trading trial in u.s. history. police investigate an organized crime syndicate that operated around the world. hello there as forces step up offenses against rebel areas, president obama's top national security advisors meet to outline what steps are realistic. washington as underscored any authorization of a no-fly zone must come from a united nation security council. >> colnel kadafi presented a front since the rebellion in his country began and more evidence of the fighting that split libya. these pictures show the situation a few days ago. government troops showing off flashes of what they claim is rebel held a&m mission. rebel forces say the situation in the city is very critical with fierce battles taking place. >> i don't think we can stand aside to let that happen. >> this british approach is something one prominent american politician has welcomed. >> a no-fly zone account be imposed fairly easily, not without challenges, but i would also point out that the air assets that gadhafi has is in a small space. a no-fly zone is wh
to support the president. nato will take over responsibility from the u.s. for enforcing the no-fly zone over libya. who is really calling the shots now in the international coalition? welcome to "bbc world news." more coming up in the program and more worries in japan about the fishermen nuclear repay. one of the reactor cores could be damaged -- about the fukushima nuclear plant. in a film that takes you into the interrogation room. we look at four days inside guantanamo. ♪ >> hello, welcome. syria has become the latest hot spot in the middle east, with the ruling elite coming under its biggest challenge in three decades. thousands have demonstrated, calling for more freedom, with protests reported in three more towns. in, protesters climbed about 20 were shot down after a statue of the former president was set alight. in damascus, three people reported to have been killed. ban ki-moon has urged the government to respect and to protect the rights of citizens. protests are taking place elsewhere across the region. in the many capital, , both pro and anti-government demonstrators held their
approves news corp.'s bid for a buyout. and more charges for a u.s. soldier accused of passing along confidential information to wikileaks. hello. libyan air force jets have launched fresh attacks in the north of the country. a spokesman for anti-government forces say the planes bombed the airports as well as rebel forces. the oil town has been a focus of the fighting. rebels fending off on air and land attack on wednesday. meanwhile tens of thousands of people are still trying to get out of the area. many on the border of tunisia. >> many on the outskirts of the town. anti-aircraft guns are their defense against gaddafi's forces. the rebels work through the night to consolidate their defenses. they say they are determined to hold their grounds that home to a military arms place that's already been targeted. >> i cannot call him colonel anymore after these days. he is now gaddafi the destroyer. this man says with god's help we will defeat our friend muammar gaddafi. along the coast the hospital, the town that was a scene of fierce fighting on wednesday between the rebels and pro-gadd
have a senior south -- fellow from the center for american progress. how big of a fight the u.s. is preparing for to get a no-fly zone? >> i think the united states position is that it would not do it without getting a u.n. and nato approval. i did not think it really wants to, but it does not want to take the option of the table because there is hope that just the prospect will get colonel gaddafi will stop some of the horrible things he is doing. >> listening to that, americans are not prepared to go against international opinion, but russia has made clear it will veto if it comes to it at the u.n. >> i haven't heard an explicit statement to that effect that russia will veto anything at the u.n., and it doesn't seem to me that russia is now in a position to take drastic decisions. there needs to be a consensus within the parties, within the countries and between the countries, considering and a no- fly zone or other options. once they have taken their decisions and have come to the security council, then i think russia will have to voice its opinion clearly. so far i do not th
. >> there will be participation in the diplomatic effort. this is the last signal. the u.s., u.k. and france have set the conditions. after the summit, i think that we will launch the military intervention. >> reports from libya said forces loyal to colonel khadafy continue to attack rebel forces despite the cease-fire. we traveled to the east of the country. we have a report from benghazi. >> what began as a rebellion now sounds more like a war. this area has been attacked from the sea, land and air. it is a graphic illustration of why a no-fly zone is needed. over the last hour or so we have been listening to the sound of what appears to be a pretty brutal battle between the two sides. we can hear the sound of rockets and artillery landing. we believe that the front line has now edged slightly closer to benghazi. it is difficult to know what the tactics of colonel khadafy are, but they seem to be applying as much pressure as they can upon the rebels before the no-fly zone is put into action. >> it is impossible to know how many have died here. we were shown the bodies of two fighters killed here to
fighters are being easily out maneuvered. >> it is being reported in the u.s. that president obama signed a secret presidential order in the past three weeks authorizing covert support for opposition forces who have been trying to topple colnel gadhafi. news coming amid a debate of arming the forces opposed to colnel gadhafi. >> the details are fairly sketchy to be honest. we have had confirmation tonight that over the past two or three weeks president obama signed what is called a presidential finding, essentially a directive that paves the way for covert military operations to take place in libya by american forces aiding the rebel forces. there are reports in the "new york times" saying c.i.a. is already in libya, which i don't think some will find too surprising. but so far the white house and c.i.a., as you would expect, refused to comment. >> interesting to point out that we are being told that government sources confirming that barack obama signed this operation some two or three weeks ago, which is interesting because we heard from him last night talking about arming rebels in the
will not be defeated. further air strikes have been taking place in the u.s. secretary of state has been suggested in that aids for khaddafi may be looking for a way out. >> angry and characteristically defiant, colonel gaddafi appeared to be in the compound targeted by an allied missile on the first night. for the supporters with him and watching, he said that he would keep on fighting against libyan rebels and the international forces. he said that he is not afraid. he said that he is the fiat, his home is here, and he is here. colonel gaddafi has pledged that there will be no surrender. the revolution for imperialism came on another night when there was fire around the capital. here bringing traffic into the streets rather than heading for cover. from hillary clinton comes the suggestion that gaddafi might be looking for an exit strategy. >> i am not aware of his personally reaching out but i do know of people allegedly on his behalf reaching out. this is a very dynamic situation. >> diplomatic strategies are being pursued to convince the libyan leader to take another course. these pictures pro
it would be a good moment to send the signal. the u.s., the u.k., and france has allowed the cease-fire. we have said the conditions. after the summit, and the coming hours, i think we will go to lodge a the military intervention. -- launch a military intervention. >> they continue to attack rebel forces despite the ceasefire. he is now back from where he has sent this report. >> what began as a rebellion sounds more like a war. across the scrub land, attacked from the land, sea, and air. a fighter jet has been spotted. it is a graphic illustration of why a no-fly zone is needed. we have been listening to the sound of what appears to be a pretty brutal battle between the two sides. we can't go any further down this road. you can hear the sound of rockets and artillery landing. we believe the frontline is slightly closer. it is difficult to know what the tactics of the colonel hart, but they seem to be applying as much pressure as the no-fly zone is put into action. the is impossible to tell how many have died here. in a conflict that is turning ordinary men and the warriors. -- into warrior
on the security council. president obama said today military options are still on the table. there are signs the u.s. might go along with a resolution if there is a consensus. we are seeing how people feel about foreign intervention. >> all over benghazi, there are posters say no foreign intervention is needed to help the people rid themselves of colonel gaddafi. if there clear about that. after several days of attacking protestors strongholds, several towns in the west, the town of ras lanuf, the rebels thought they had captured that themselves, only now are they beginning to change their mind. would you accept foreign help now? >> yes. the no-fly zone would be very welcome. the surgical bombings -- where he has his supporters. some other bases where he has his troops, we do not mind surgical bombing there. we did not mind a no-fly zone over libya because he is using his aircraft to kill people. they have no cover for that. we can match them on the ground, but in the skies, we have no power. we would welcome very much a no flying zone over libya. but no foreign troops on the ground. a no-fly zone w
now stands at $91.5 billion. beijing is quick to say it's military budget pales in comparison to the u.s. our correspondent joins us from beijing. why does the chinese leadership feel that it has to spend more on its military? >> the chinese leadership say that their military is undergoing a modernization program and that obviously will cause a lot of money. as you pointed out, the chinese military is talking about wanting aircraft carriers. it is also developing nuclear submarines, as well as a stealth fighter program. also know about the advanced missile systems. all of this costs money. many believe the true figure of china's military spending could be a lot higher than the $91 billion that the government said. that's a reason for concern. many countries in the region, as well as the u.s., say that china's military development needs to be more transparent and there needs to be more cooperation between china's military and other militaries operating in the region. >> we've seen china have spats with japan. what does china sea as the potential military threats to its -- china see as pot
the rebellion in the east of libya. president obama at the authorizes u.s. military to repacked create thousands of migrants. >> i have approved the use of u.s. military aircraft to help move egyptians who have fled to the tunisian border to get back home to egypt. >> still the keep coming out of libya. 200,000 have crossed into egypt and niger. we follow one group who got lucky. welcome to th"bbc world news". coming up later. the egyptian prime minister has resigned. agents ruling military council has appointed a former transport minister. britain opens of classified papers to reveal extra terrestrial goings on. two forces loyal to colonel gaddafi are clashing. there have been fresh attacks on the airport. in the more than two weeks since the start of the uprising, the u.n. estimates up to 1000 people may have been killed. the international criminal court has announced an investigation into allegations of crimes against humanity committed by colonel gaddafi and his inner circle. our first report is from john simpson. from eastern libya. after yesterday's victorious battle, the rebel volunteers
. the u.s. is making it increasingly clear that having been in the lead of the libyan mission, it wants to step back now. the latest reports from the rebel-held town talk of pro gaddafi snipers filing at the hospital. -- firing at the hospital. >> please, please bomb his forces until they stop. i have to be impartial because i am a medical person, but five, six consecutive days that have been killing with tanks and artillery, bombing us. please stop him. >> other residents say they have attacked their base. the rebels remain for now force of on certain potential, but it is clear the situation is increasingly turning into a test of the coalition possibility to influence events on the ground. -- the coalition's ability to influence events on the ground. >> with me now it is ben brown. there has been much activity around you today? >> the rebels are still trying to push west, about an hour-and- a-half from here, trying to take advantage of the coalition air strikes and military action which they are seeing day after day, night after night. the rebels are making heavy delegate of getting an
have received potassium iodide tablets to coweract any effect of the radiation the. the cheeve the u.s. nuclear regulatory agency left wiggle room when he made this truly dramatic station that -- that he didn't believe there was enough water left to cool the reactors. >> that's right energy secretary stephen chu said in his mind the situation at fukushima is worse than at three mile island when one nuclear reactor went into partial meltdown. fairly stark assessment from mer -- here. also the chair of the nuclear regular tate -- regulatory commission warned that u.s. military personnel and citizens in japan should actually withdraw to about 80 kilometers from the exclusion zone. the current zone is 20 kilometers. the u.s. is assessing that, their assessment is that it is more serious. >> and the french government recommending that their citizen are -- citizens -- citizens leave japan altogether in >> we haven't had a reaction to that. the u.s. military has so many people in the country, around 50,000 currently in japan. but the government says it's monitoring the situation very closely
." >> president obama says the u.s. had a moral obligation to intervene in libya. they will now seek control of major operations to nato. >> i said america's role would be limited and we would not put ground troops into libya. we would focus our unique capabilities on the front end of the operation and transfer responsibility to our allies and partners. tonight, we are fulfilling that pledge. >> allied strikes on libya continue. the rebels he -- meet heavy resistance but pledged to continue their advance westward. >> i will hold gaddafi and kill him. >> fist fighting in the western city upper -- of misrata. we are broadcasting to our viewers in p.b.s. in america, and around the world. japan's prime minister declares a state of maximum alert over the crisis at the fukushima nuclear plant. president obama has made his first formal speech on the military campaign in libya. the address in washington came amid some criticism in the united states that the president has yet to explain what the goals of military action are and how long the military action will last. he responded by saying that a fai
. >> welcome. as fierce fighting continues in libya, president obama has said he has not ruled out supplying u.s. weapons to opposition figures in the country. he also says he believes colonel gaddafi was losing control of his country would ultimately step down. speaking in a series of interviews on american news networks, president obama called on the leadership around colonel gaddafi to make it clear that he had to go. >> the circle around gaddafi understands that the noose is tightening, that their days are probably numbered. and they're going to have to think through what their next steps are. but as i have been very clear about throughout, there's certain things they can do that will send the signal that he's ready to go. until that time, we're going to keep on applying pressure and hopefully he's going to be getting the message soon. >> if gaddafi ends up in a villa someplace in zimbabwe with no war crimes trial, is that ok with you? >> well, you know, that's not going to be my decision alone. i will tell you, though, that the first step is for gaddafi to send a signal that he understands
." >> targeting tripoli a third night of bombing by coalition forces in libya. the u.s. says gaddafi's grip on the country is weakening. celebrations as air strikes check the advance of libyan forces in the east. but for how long? >> the truth is that colonel gaddafi's forces have not gone away and the cease fire that he declared appears meaningless. >> and the debate over the aims of the operation intensifies, president obama says the libyan leader has to go. in other news, protests in yemen gather pace. the president refuses to step down despite a number of high-profile defections. >> welcome to "bbc world news." explosions and anti-aircraft fire have been heard near tripoli as allied forces enforce the no-fly zone over libya for a third night. dozens of targets have been hit, but the coalitions say the libyan leader is not being targeted and insist that the campaign is aimed at protecting civilians. alan is in tripoli, starting our coverage with the latest of the allied support. >> from the ground, you cannot tell what is being hit, but you hear the impact of the missile strikes and the
to step down. but in an exclusive interview, libyan's colonel gaddafi came out fighting. the u.s. ambassador to the u.n. said that he was delusional. >> it was colonel gaddafi's first interview since this crisis started. he agreed to see bbc news and the sunday times. he said that the u.n.sanction resolutions against libyan were illegitima illegitimate. and asked if he would leave the country. [laughter] as if anyone would leave their home land, he said. >> mr. gaddafi, you have been known as the leader, and for years. and plenty of people in this country would say that the biggest obstacle of change for them and libya is you. >> he said that his presence actually instigated change for the people. >> in recent years you have had important western leaders like tony blair coming here. and now there are western leers leaders saying you should go. >> of course it's betrayal, they have no morals, besides if they want me to step down, what do i step down from? i am not a monarch or king. >> but you can step down even if you don't have a formal title. >> it's honor, he said, nothing to
are very divided. the russians and chinese are not keen it. neither is the u.s. defense secretary. >> the u.n. security council resolution provides no authorization for the use of armed force. there is no unanimity among nato for the use of armed force. >> refugees are crossing the border from libya to tunisia. >> let's turn to the thousands of people fleeing the unrest in libya. the situation at the border has reached quite -- there is struggling to cope with the influx of people. our correspondent is at the point between the two countries. >> we want to leave, they shout. these people are stranded in no- man's land, out of libya, but not yet safely into tunisia. this border crossing point has been overwhelmed by a tide of humanity. more than 70,000 people so far and counting. the boston majority of both migrant workers from countries like egypt -- the majority of my co-workers from countries like egypt. -- migrant workers from countries like egypt. many are exhausted and sick. they had been traveling for days to get here. >> there has to be a massive effort, not just by one country, but a
the u.s. will transfer its leading role in enforcing the no-fly zone within days. u.n. humanitarian officials have met rebel leaders in the east where there is concern offense food supplies. welcome to bbc world news. also coming up, in japan more than 9,000 people are known to have died in the earthquake and tsunami. almost 13,000 are missing. as the battle to restore power to their fukushima nuclear plant continues there are fears of radiation in some food products. also, afghanistan's president announces the first provinces to be handed from nato to national security control. >> thanks for joining us. libyan state television says coalition forces have launched air strikes a third night in tripoli. colonel gaddafi's says many independents are killed but there is no equipment makes. we go to southern italy to join our colleague. welcome to the air base here in southern italy which is now the british center of operations with the r.a.f. fighters behind me. one of them i can see being prepared getting ready to fly another mission. the hood is up so presumably it will take off fairly
just a few weeks ago. >> i was told that i would be assassinated. >> the gunman kills two u.s. airmen on a bus in frankfurt. hello. it was the day that gaddafi loyalists seemed to be fighting back against the libyan uprisings in earnest, but now, the libyan leader's opponents look to be back in control. they bit off an attack by the libyan army unit with vastly superior weaponry, but at one point, they did have the upper hand. medics say at least 14 people died in the fighting. "bbc world news" editor reports from nearby. >> news on the attack reached us in the early morning. defenders started preparing for the possibility that colonel gaddafi's forces would roll straight on and try to capture this place. they were excited and nervous. defenders here have a few ancient russian tanks which they rolled out. older and less effective than the tanks the gaddafi forces are apparently using. many of the volunteers here are deserters from colonel gaddafi's army. their position could be particularly dangerous. but the mood is defiant. >> we have decided there is only one way for us to go, and
the obama administration is not moving forward asking for a no-fly zone from the u.s. congress or the un security council. there have been democrats and republicans pushing the obama administration to consider a no- fly zone. senator john kerry called for one, which follows lieberman and mccain. pretty much the entire spectrum has been pushing president obama to do more. i think secretary clinton and secretary gates have been trying to throw a little cold water on the idea, pointing out the risk s and consequences of such a decision. >> u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton has said that all options are on the table when it comes to dealing with libya and dealing with colonel gaddafi. what is your sense of what that means? is it rhetoric? is their intent behind that? >> one would hope there's intent behind that. both the united states and european capitals have said that gaddafi must go now and they have imposed these sanctions. so far, there's been no real action. we have our navy off the coast of libya right now, but with no apparent course of taking action. we've heard about the ris
by the west. >> and he predicted the unrest. >> in the meantime, what is happening with u.s. jobs? >> it's the big day. we're expecting bumper numbers on the back of really good days that have come out of the u.s. better service industry numbers and retail numbers. economists are expecting is 50,000 to 200,000 jobs added for the last month. >> and this is nasa's newest satellite lifted off. known as goir. not terribly modest, is it? it will spend the next three years looking at tiny airborne particles, we're told, and the effects they have on the earth's climate. >> two minutes into the glory mission. all systems nominal. >> and china is to raise this year's military budget by nearly13% -- nearly 13%. it said its military upgrades are purely for defensive purposes. our correspondent was there and i asked him what the money would be spent on. >> they say they are spebbeding it on a military modernizeization system. but they are the developing stealth fighters as well as nuclear submarines and china wants to launch its first aircraft carrier. so they say this is entirely peaceful, but i th
for debate, not action. u.s. secretary of state has insisted that this be a u.n., not american initiative. protesters are keeping a low profile in at the capitol. but the protesters still seem determined to fight. >> only 30 miles away from the wyatt, the military success makes it even more dangerous -- from zawiya, the military success makes it even more dangerous for protesters. they believe in former is are everywhere. yet another protester joined us. they have never been on facebook before, which is now blocked. they do not have weapons, unlike the rebels in zawiya. but many have died, too, killed by the regime. >> jeremy. >> do you think because of the force that he has used -- >> no, and he is not finished. i will never speak any words with -- i am not arab. >> what is your gut feeling, like your feeling inside about how this is killing two and? >> we do not want this to go on. >> so, how do you beat him? >> how we will be? with faith. that is the only way. we don't have guns or modules or anything. but we have faith. we have the faith to be free people. >> how do you sustain this?
you can't ask for unmanned drones from the u.s. what else would you need, particularly from the iaea? >> i believe we have been asking for help from the iea -- iaea and from the united states. we will require and we will ask for assistance as needed. we will not hesitate to ask for help if we feel it is necessary. >> in terms of the humanitarian situation, what is your assessment of how that is progressing? how are you getting essentials supplies for those in such desperate need, bearing in mind that weather conditions and the nuclear situation on going? >> i believe the earthquake itself, magnitude 9.0, unprecedented. many of the roads, land communications are destroyed. our immediate response was sending in almost 80,000 troops and rescue forces to rescue people. we succeeded in rescuing 26,000 people. now, as you say, the issue of how to support and released those displaced, -- and rel ieve those displaced, that is a concern for us. we set up headquarters at the ministerial level to address this issue quickly. we are using our forces to send in necessary material. take an example
's speech, i am joined by richard murphy, it was the former u.s. ambassador to syria. think ford joining the program. -- thank you for joining the program. the president said there would be impending reform, but did not give the reform the wanted to see at a few weeks later he was out of power. that is not the case the caseassad of syria. -- that is not the case with president assad of syria. am i think you are right, he is a person who has popularity. he is counting on both to carry him through. while his spokesperson a few days ago, monday i believe, said there would be a committee formed to study a series of reforms including lifting the emergency law, obviously, thus far the committee has said this is not the moment, given that the government is facing a most serious challenge that it has had since president assad became president in 2000. that is the protests and the bloodshed and government crackdowns continue, is there a tipping point or even that regime says enough is enough, we have to give some? >> i think it is possible they will come up with some reforms. he repeated that tod
a siege until they learn hostages had been killed. but that point, they stormed the building. the u.s. supreme court is hearing evidence from one of the largest 60's -- sex discrimination lawsuits in america. women are claiming women -- women who work for walmart claimed they were held back because of their gender. the lawsuit includes more than 1.5 million women. the u.s. department of education finds virginia tech $55,000 for waiting too long to notify students when the massacre was taken place -- was taking place in 2007. the amount imposed was the maximum allowed by law. in japan, 2.5 weeks after disaster, the president said the country is on max on alert over the crippled fukushima nuclear plant. they try to prevent radioactive water from leaking into the sea. the u.s. and u.k. are starting to detect very low levels of radioactive iodine in the air. our science correspondent has the story. this does contain flash photography. >> this is the front line of japan's nuclear crisis. teams of workers braving me fukushima -- the fukushima power station. some areas are too contaminated t
. defining the american dream of. we begin a special series examining those who have called the u.s. home. >> welcome to our viewers on a pbs in america. and in libya, state tv reports the new allied air strikes tonight even as anti-government rebels closed in on what could be an important symbolic win. they have been moving steadily west. moving from than gauzy, they are now in control -- moving from benghazi, the biggest win would be the capture of sirte. >> is taking the fight to colonel gaddafi parks and birthplace -- gaddafi's birthplace. a victory here would have huge symbolic value. if the libyan leader cannot defend his home town, how long can he defend his regime mark? rebels said these were some of his supporters, mercenaries sent to kill. they were defeated by poorly armed volunteers. we found rebel fighters racing to the front-line sending a message. it the weeks ago, a gesture like this would have gotten him killed. along the way, we met this band of brothers and cousins and extended family have said they were ready to fight and die together so that their children could be fr
ago, u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton said airplanes from the united arab emirates would be joining the no-fly zone. >> final preparations for these french pilots as they contemplate another mission over libya. france was at the forefront of the diplomatic flight to get a no flight -- a no-fly zone it installed, and now they're actively involved in maintaining it. while their mission is clear, who controls the international mission has been less so until now. >> nato allies have decided to enforce the no-fly zone over libya. we are taking action as part of the broad international efforts to protect civilians against the attacks by the khadafy regime. >> that will be music to the years of the u.s. government, which four days has been seeking to reduce the level of american involvement in policing the no- fly zone. news of the agreement brought this response from the secretary of state. >> nato is well-suited to coordinating this international effort and ensuring that all participating nations are working effectively together towards our shared goal. this coalition includes
changed for the u.s., do you think? >> what changed was the arab league to vote over the weekend. it was clear that there was going to be arab involvement in this move towards airstrikes which has been led by britain and france. america and president obama decided that the conditions were right to adopt a much more muscular approach at the security council this week. this probably would not have happened without america's vigorous support. crucially, of course, we have these five abstentions. 10 votes in favor and five against led by china and russia. interestingly of course, in that group is germany. germany, the biggest country in the european union, has very serious feelings about whether the air strikes are possible or whether they will lead to a potential escalation or a regional conflict. >> any of the ambassador's apart from the germans talk about military actions about strategic air strikes? >> no, what we had is a lot of rhetoric and a lot of show of unity. there is a tension. clearly no one is sure how this military action is going to proceed from here on in. president
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